Long-Term Consequences of Adoption

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I have found some great articles on the long-term consequences of adoption. Those that adopt or place their child up for adoption must be aware of the possible issues that could occur at any time during this sensitive process. This post is in no way trying to discourage those interested in adopting to be afraid or have doubts, but rather an opportunity to educate yourself and prepare as best as possible if these issues arise. There are groups and support available to you if you need help navigating this very emotional and complicated time in your life.

For the Child

Research on Long-Term Effects

Long Term Issues for the Adopted Child

Impact of Adoption on Adopted Persons – PDF

Trauma that Lasts a Lifetime

Long-Term Effects of Adoption: An Empirical Study of Adult Adoptees

Statistics on the Effects of Adoption

For Birthmothers/Parents

Impact of Adoption on Birth Parents: Responding to the Adoptive Placement

The Impact of Adoption on Birth Parents

Impact of Adoption on Birth Parents – PDF

Long Term Issues for Birthmothers after Adoption – AMHC

For Adoptive Parents

Fears Regarding Adoption

Things to Do While Waiting For Your Adopted Child

Impact of Adoption on Adoptive Parents

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The Psychology of Adoption and Foster Care

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After the holidays are over it is easy to forget the children that received donated toys through programs such as Toys for Tots, are still in need of loving homes. These children had a moment of happiness, but what happens to those still in foster care or waiting to be adopted? What are the long-term psychological and physiological challenges that these children go through from conception until safely placed into loving homes? Are "loving homes" enough to repair the damage that some of these infants and children have been through? It takes persistence, consistency, and providing the appropriate resources to give these children the best start and future possible.

Adopting through Foster Care

The foster care system is in desperate need of good families that can provide care for children of all ages. Often these children are move from home to home and become separated from their siblings. This has been shown to exacerbate the separation trauma that they have already experienced. Repairing and establishing a bond with these children is imperative for their future and overall health and wellbeing. Many foster children are eventually returned to their biological families but then suffer the consequences of the trauma (separation or otherwise) that they will need help to heal from. There are excellent resources for foster children and parents such as:

The Westside Children’s Center

FosterCare.com

Adoption Voices Magazine

Adopting an Infant

Adopting an infant, although rewarding, can be very traumatic for all involved. The birth mother needs a lot of support as she grieves the loss of her child, even if she rationally knows it is what is best for her baby. The baby has to readjust and grieve the loss of its mother and what s/he has known for at least the last 9+ months, even if it was a toxic environment. In addition, the adoptive parents must adjust to their new roles as parents and form attachments to this child that might feel very difficult at first. Skin-to-Skin contact during this time is critical for establishing trust and a secure bond with your new baby. If you are thinking about adopting in the United States there are some great resources available to you such as

Child Welfare – Department of Health and Human Services

National Adoption Center

Adoptive Families

Adopting a Child From Another Country

Thousands of orphans in other countries are in need of being adopted each year. Each one of these children will have a unique set of needs and obstacles to overcome. Learning how to meet these needs can be challenging for some, especially if there is a language barrier. Sometimes these children are not held or touched very often, which can lead to sensory and attachment issues. If you are thinking about adopting internationally, please do your research and get counsel on how to best prepare yourself.

InterCountry Adoption – U.S. Department of State

Adoptive Families – International Adoption Facts

International Orphan Aid and Adoption Assistance

Adopting a Step or Relative Child

As with all family dynamics, adopting a spouse’s child or a relative comes with its own set of challenges. In these types of situations where there could be a high intensity of emotions, (such as with custody battles), making decisions the best interest of the child is imperative. Often these children are caught in the middle of a war they did not ask for. Making the transition as easy as possible will help them feel secure in the decisions you as the parent or guardian make for them.

*Please always go through established and trusted adoption agencies. Adoption Counselors and Attorneys are an excellent resource to help you navigate through your adoption process!

You Might Need a Prenatal and Infant Psychology Specialist if…

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Early intervention is the best prevention.

  • Are you unsure whether you and your baby have bonded well or if something has gotten in the way of building a positive bond, such as a hospitalization for you or your baby, postpartum depression, adoption or foster care, extreme fussiness or severe parent stresses?
  • Does your baby have trouble taking in comfort by looking away, stiffening or arching away when held, or doesn’t calm down when comforted?
  • After 6 months of age, does your baby not show any stranger awareness or does not respond differently to parents and unfamiliar people?
  • Is your baby excessively clingy or anxious? Will he or she not move away from you even for a short distance to explore toys or interact with other children?
  • Are you having a hard time liking your baby, or if it seems as though most of your interactions are negative or upsetting?
  • Are you worried about your baby’s sleeping, feeding, toilet training, or other concerning behavior?
  • Do you feel that you overreact, yell, or hit your child, or feel extreme distress when your child shows certain typical or unusual behaviors?
  • Are you concerned about how your own experience of being birthed, raised, or parented might affect your own parenting?
  • Are you or your baby having trouble with breastfeeding or other feeding methods?

These are only a few examples of how prenatal and infant psychology could benefit you and your baby. If you are concerned about yourself or your baby, please contact contact me at InfantPsychology@gmail.com for more information.

“Attachment behavior is any form of behavior that results in a person attaining or maintaining proximity to some other clearly identified individual who is conceived as better able to cope with the world.”  – A Secure Base, John Bowlby

The Importance of Prenatal and Perinatal Psychology

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Growth and development are generally the only factors that individuals think about when it comes to the life of their unborn child. However, studying psychology provides a much clearer image of just how these developments are occurring. It is believed that consciousness, our personality, drives and ambitions, are all developed in the months between conception and birth. Taking a scientific approach, we are able to see that from conception we are remembering, feeling, and aware beings that have personalities and traits that will  continue to develop into adulthood. Women help shape the lives of their unborn children by events that happen to them while pregnant.  Her thoughts and feelings during pregnancy also play a major role. Communication between mother and child during these critical months is essential  How your child behaves cannot be predicted with absolutely certainty, however mothers that support the emotional and intellectual needs of their unborn, tend to have mentally healthy and happy children. A father’s role  is also essential to the health and wellbeing of the child. Bonding early will help parents have a deeper and more meaningful relationship with their children from the beginning.

Although this is only a small example of the importance of  Prenatal and Perinatal Psychology there are some great websites and resources below that can give you more information if you are interested.

Childbirth and Child Psychology Articles

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Why Is Childbirth So Expensive in the U.S.?

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Rare Birth Defect on the Rise

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How Exercise During Pregnancy Can Make Childbirth Easier

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Beyond Attachment to Parents: Children Need Community

‘”For good biological reasons, children want and need to move beyond their parents.”

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Good Parenting

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No Oxytocin Benefit for Autism

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Investigating ADHD in Children Born Prematurely

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Merleau-Ponty’s Child Psychology

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A Parent’s Prerogative: You Have the Right to Change Your Mind

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Understanding Children’s Emotions: The Importance of Curiosity and Interest

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Taking a New Look at Human Development

“Jerome Kagan has been at the forefront of developmental psychology..he was once listed as the 22d most influential psychologist of the 20th century — right ahead of Carl Jung and Ivan Pavlov.”

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Childbirth, The HypnoBirthing Method, Kangaroo Care, and Informed Consent

Early-American-midwifery

Experts Say Contraception is the Key to Reducing Child and Maternal Deaths.

Do you agree?

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Texas Childbirth Death Rates Rise

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Childbirth: Keep An Open Mind, Do What’s Right For You

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Not Cutting Umbilical Cord Immediately May Boost Baby’s Health

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Expectant Mothers Turn to HypnoBirthing Method for Calmer Delivery

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"Kangaroo Care" Delivers Benefits Beyond Bonding and Breastfeeding for Tiniest Newborns

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The Cost of Childbirth in the U.S.

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Informed Consent in Childbirth

Making Rights into Reality

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Happiness and Resiliency

Have a great Monday!

How to Help Your Child & Yourself

Become More Resilient

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Effects of Child Abuse

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10 Ways to Raise a Happy Child

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